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Articles avec le tag ‘Hélène Périvier’

Le Traité de Rome et l’égalité

par Hélène Périvier

Traité de Rome : Article 119, Titre VIII, « Politique sociale, éducation, formation professionnelle et jeunesse », chapitre 1 : « Dispositions sociales » : Chaque État membre assure au cours de la première étape, et maintient par la suite, l’application du principe de l’égalité des rémunérations entre les travailleurs masculins et les travailleurs féminins pour un même travail. suite…»

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Do separated fathers bear a greater sacrifice in their standard of living than their ex-partners?

by Hélène Périvier OFCE-PRESAGE

The recent study published by France Strategy on the sharing of the costs of children after a separation has caused a stir (see in particular Dare feminism, Abandoning the family, as well as SOS Papa [all in French]). The study analyses the changes in the standard of living of both the former spouses, taking into account the interaction between the indicative scale for child support and the tax-benefit system. This approach is stimulating, as it endeavours to see whether the redistribution effected through the welfare state fairly and equitably deals with the costs of the child borne by each former spouse. suite…»

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Les pères séparés supportent-ils un sacrifice de niveau de vie plus important que leur ex-conjointe ?

Hélène Périvier OFCE-PRESAGE

L’étude récente publiée par France Stratégie portant sur le partage des charges liées aux enfants après une séparation fait grand bruit (voir notamment Osez le féminisme, Abandon de famille, mais aussi SOS papa…). Ce travail analyse l’évolution du niveau de vie des deux ex-conjoints en tenant compte de l’interaction entre le barème indicatif de pensions alimentaires et le système fiscalo-social. Cette perspective est stimulante car il s’agit de voir si la redistribution opérée par l’Etat social intègre de façon juste et équitable les coûts de l’enfant supportés par chaque ex-conjoint. suite…»

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Equality at risk from simplification

By Françoise Milewski and Hélène Périvier

Legislating to promote equality

The laws on equality in pay and in the workplace have come a long way since 1972, from the affirmation of the principle of equality to the production of a detailed numerical diagnosis that puts flesh on the bones of inequality (via the Comparative Situation Reports that have been drawn up since 1983 under the Roudy law) as well as to the duty to negotiate. The 2006 law paved the way for hitting recalcitrant companies with financial penalties, as set out in an article in the 2009 law on pensions. There were numerous attempts to limit the scope of the law up to 2012, when things were more or less clarified: companies are now obliged to produce a CSR, which reports annually on the state of inequality in well-defined areas; they must then conduct negotiations on occupational equality and equal pay and, if there is no agreement, they are required to take unilateral action. There are exhaustive controls, with agreements or plans to be filed with the government (no longer on a one-off basis as in the first formulations of the implementing decree). Companies that fail to comply with the law are put on notice to remedy this on pain of financial penalties of up to 1% of payroll. suite…»

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La simplification au péril de l’égalité

par Françoise Milewski et Hélène Périvier

Légiférer pour porter l’égalité

Les lois sur l’égalité salariale et professionnelle ont connu un long cheminement depuis 1972, de l’affirmation du principe d’égalité à la production d’un diagnostic chiffré permettant de donner corps aux inégalités (via le rapport de situation comparée, élaboré dès 1983 dans la loi Roudy) et à l’obligation de négocier. La loi de 2006 a ouvert la voie aux sanctions financières contre les entreprises récalcitrantes, concrétisées par un article de la loi sur les retraites de 2009. suite…»

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Recession and Austerity: Gender Equality Jeopardized

By Anne Eydoux,[1] Antoine Math,[2] and Hélène Périvier[3]

The crisis that began in 2008 has hit European countries diversely, causing economic and labour market disequilibria of more or less magnitude. As with past global crises, the current one has gendered implications. While women’s employment is said to have been preserved relative to men’s in the early stage of a recession, austerity plans implemented in several countries to limit public deficits and debts are deemed to affect female workers more deeply. How gendered are labour market changes in recession and austerity and how should cross-country differences be analysed? This special issue of the Revue de l’OFCE notably points out the protective role of the gendered segregation of labour markets (i.e. the fact that women and men do not work in the same sectors or occupations): male-dominated sectors (construction, industry, etc.) are generally first hit in recession, while female-dominated sectors (services and the public sector) remain quite sheltered from a quick drop in the demand for labour – but are exposed to job losses at a later stage. suite…»

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Sharing parental leave: a must for equality

By Hélène Périvier

The bill on equality between women and men, approved by the Senate on 18 September 2013, includes a component aimed at modifying the arrangements for access to the allocation of parental leave [1] by introducing what is called the free choice of activity (“CLCA”). The latest OFCE Note (no. 34 of 26 September 2013) analyzes the consequences of this measure for gender equality and proposes other possibilities for a broader reform. suite…»

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Reforming the conjugal quotient

By Guillaume Allègre and Hélène Périvier

As part of a review of family benefit programmes (the motivations for which are in any case debatable), the government has announced plans to reduce the cap on the family quotient benefit in the calculation of income tax (IR) from 2014. The tax benefit associated with the presence of dependent children in the household will be reduced from 2000 to 1500 euros per half share. Opening discussion on the family quotient should provide an opportunity for a more general review of how the family is taken into account in the calculation of income tax, and in particular the taxation of couples. suite…»

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Réformer le quotient conjugal

par Guillaume Allègre et Hélène Périvier

Dans le cadre d’un réexamen des dispositifs d’aide aux familles, dont les motivations sont discutables par ailleurs, le gouvernement a annoncé vouloir réduire en 2014 le plafonnement du bénéfice du quotient familial dans le calcul de l’impôt sur le revenu (IR). L’avantage fiscal lié à la présence d’enfants à charge dans le foyer sera réduit de 2 000 à 1 500 euros par demi-part. La réflexion ouverte sur le quotient familial aurait dû être l’occasion de repenser plus globalement la prise en compte de la famille dans le calcul de l’impôt sur le revenu et notamment l’imposition des couples.

suite…»

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Family benefits: family business?

By Hélène Périvier

Bertrand Fragonard has submitted his report to the Prime Minister; it aims, first, to enhance the redistributive nature of family policy and, second, to rebalance the accounts of the family branch, which have recently been running a deficit, by 2016. A realignment of family benefits towards low-income families is proposed as the first objective. As for the second, the two options proposed are adjusting benefits based on means, or taxing them. How can 2 billion euros be found in today’s lean times? suite…»

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