By the Analysis and Forecasting Department, under the direction of Eric Heyer and Xavier Timbeau
This text summarises the OFCE 2015-2016 economic outlook for the euro zone and the rest of the world
While up to now the euro zone had not been part of the global recovery, the conjunction of a number of favourable factors (the fall in oil prices and depreciation of the euro) will unleash a more sustained process of growth that is shared by all the EU countries. These developments are occurring at a time when the massive and synchronised fiscal austerity that had pushed the euro zone back into recession in 2011 is easing. The brakes on growth are gradually being lifted, with the result that in 2015 and 2016 GDP should rise by 1.6% and 2%, respectively, which will reduce unemployment by half a point per year. This time the euro zone will be on the road to recovery. However, with an unemployment rate of 10.5% at the end of 2016, the social situation will remain precarious and the threat of deflation is not going away. Continue reading “The coming recovery”
This post summarizes a paper written by Mahito Uchida, in Revue de l’OFCE, n° 135.
With the arrival of Shinzo Abe at the end of 2012, Japan’s economic policy started clearly focusing on the risk of deflation. This new policy combines a highly accommodative monetary policy with a fiscal stimulus based on public investment. In an article published by the OFCE, Mahito Uchida of SEIJO University, analyses the first stage of implementation of the new Japanese monetary policy. In that paper, Mahito Uchida investigates the Bank of Japan’s (BOJ) monetary policy effects under Abenomics at the initial stage. First, he describes briefly what is “Abenomics” and “New monetary policy under Abenomics” since April 2013. Continue reading “Abenomics and the new monetary policy”
By Bruno Ducoudré
Following the earthquake that hit Japan in March 2011, the government estimated the cost of the loss at 16.9 trillion yen (3.6 points of GDP). The response in terms of the structural deficit needed to deal with this exogenous shock conflicts with the government’s desire to implement an austerity policy to reduce the deficit. The additional financing requirements are thus coming at the worst possible time, amidst the economic crisis that began in 2008, which has been accompanied by a sharp deterioration in public finances due to the need to prop up the economy. Continue reading “Japan’s reconstruction: constrained by the deterioration in public finances”